Falls - Falls were second only to motor vehicle traffic accidents among the leading causes of accidental death the leading cause of hospitalization for treatment of accidental injuries. Take the following steps to lower your risks of becoming a statistic.
Floors. Remove all loose wires, cords, and throw rugs. Minimize clutter. Make sure rugs are anchored and smooth. Keep furniture in its accustomed place.
Bathrooms. Install grab bars and non-skid tape in the tub or shower.
Lighting. Make sure halls, stairways, and entrances are well lit. Install a night light in your bathroom. Turn lights on if you get up in the middle of the night.
Kitchen. Install non-skid rubber mats near sink and stove. Clean spills immediately.
Stairs. Make sure treads, rails, and rugs are secure.
Other precautions. Wear sturdy, rubber-soled shoes. Keep your intake of alcoholic beverages to a minimum. Ask your doctor whether any of your medications might cause you to fall.
Drowning - No matter what your age or your swimming skills, you can be made safer near and in the water. Learning to swim is vital, of course, but you must know how to prevent the risk of drowning even before you and especially your children know how to swim. Seventy-five percent of the submersion victims studied by CPSC were between 1 and 3 years old; 65 percent of this group were boys. Toddlers, in particular, often do something unexpected because their capabilities change daily.
At the time of the incidents, most victims were being supervised by one or both parents. Forty-six percent of the victims were last seen in the house; 23 percent were last seen in the yard or on the porch or patio; and 31 percent were in or around the pool before the accident. In all, 69 percent of the children were not expected to be at or in the pool, yet they were found in the water.
Submersion incidents involving children usually happen in familiar surroundings. Sixty-five percent of the incidents happened in a pool owned by the child's family and 33 percent of the incidents happened in a pool owned by friends or relatives.
Pool submersions involving children happen quickly. A child can drown in the time it takes to answer a phone. Seventy-seven percent of the victims had been missing from sight for 5 minutes or less.
Survival depends on rescuing the child quickly and restarting the breathing process, even while the child is still in the water. Seconds count in preventing death or brain damage.
Child drowning is a silent death. There's no splashing to alert anyone that the child is in trouble.
Burns, Scalds - Each year in the
Avoid having young children in the kitchen during cooking and always keep hot liquids out of reach.
Contact with hot objects such as curling irons and clothing irons, hot coals, “popper” fireworks, gasoline, gunpowder and barbecues also account for burn accidents to young children. These accidents frequently result in third degree burns, the most serious form of burn, often requiring skin grafting.
Injuries in adults were from direct fire and flames, with cooking related injuries being the next most common cause of burns.
Most adults were burned in the home, but injuries also occurred in the work place, as well as during recreational activities.
Men accounted for 66 percent of the admissions and 34 percent were females.
Fire-Related Deaths – On average in the
Exercise caution and ALWAYS make sure you have smoke detectors installed and operating on fresh batteries.
Poisoning – Most of poison exposures (79%) were unintentional. 53% of poison exposures involved medications; other exposures were to household or automotive products, plants, mushrooms, pesticides, animal bites and stings. Half of poison exposures involved children younger than six, but the most serious cases occurred in adolescents and adults.
Store medicines and products in their original containers.
Lock medicines and household products where children cannot see or reach them.
Use child-resistant packaging. Replace the caps tightly.
Store household products in a different place from food and medicine.
Keep purses and briefcases out of children’s reach.
Read the label before taking or giving medicine.
Use medicine only as directed by your doctor or the label.
Call medicine by its proper name, not "candy".
Take medicine in a place where children cannot watch, because children learn by imitating adults.
Use household products according to label directions. Mixing household products can cause dangerous gases to form.
Quick action could save a life. If you think someone has been poisoned....call 1-800-222-1222 right away!
Bicycle and Other Sports-Related Injuries - Playground, sports, and bicycle-related injuries occur most often among young children, between the ages of five and 14 years old.
The majority of head injuries sustained in sports or recreational activities occur during bicycling, skateboarding, or skating incidents.
Safety helmets reduced the risk of head injury by 85% -
Wear your helmet!
Firearms – Firearm injuries are a serious public health problem among children and youth in the
Always keep guns in the home unloaded and locked away reduces unintentional deaths among children.
LIGHTNING – If you can see lightning or hear thunder you are already at risk! Most lightning injuries and fatalities occur when people are caught outdoors in the summer months during the afternoon and evening. Be sure to read the article (on pg. #) outlining lightning safety and
RABIES - Transmitted by mammals, most commonly by a bite from an infected animal, but occasionally by other forms of contact. It is fatal if left untreated.
Never touch unfamiliar or wild animals. Enjoy wild animals from afar.
Avoid direct contact with stray animals. Stray cats and dogs may not have been vaccinated against rabies.
Never adopt wild animals or bring them into your home.
Do not try to nurse sick animals to health. It is common to want to rescue and nurse a hurt wild animal, but that animal may have rabies. Call an animal control person or animal rescue group if you find a sick animal.
Make sure that your trash cans and pet foods are secured so that they do not attract wild animals.
TICKS & LYME DISEASE – Deer ticks carry lyme disease, which can lead to numerous health issues. Avoid tick-infested areas, especially in May, June, and July (many local health departments and park or extension services have information on the local distribution of ticks).
Tuck your pant legs into your socks. Tuck your shirt into your pants. Deer ticks grab onto feet and legs and then climb up. This precaution will keep them on the outside of your clothes, where they can be spotted and picked off.
Wear light colored clothing. Dark ticks can most easily be spotted against a light background.
Inspect your clothes for ticks often while in tick habitat. Have a companion inspect your back.
Wear repellents, applied according to label instructions. Application to shoes, socks, cuffs, and pant legs are most effective against deer ticks.
Inspect your head and body thoroughly when you get in from the field. Have a companion check your back, or use a mirror.
When working in tick habitat on a regular basis, do not wear work clothing home. This will reduce the chances of bringing ticks home and exposing family members.
Carbon Monoxide (CO) Poisoning - Carbon monoxide (CO) is a deadly, colorless, odorless, poisonous gas. It is produced by the incomplete burning of various fuels, including coal, wood, charcoal, oil, kerosene, propane, and natural gas.
Products and equipment powered by internal combustion engine-powered equipment such as portable generators, cars, lawn mowers, and power washers also produce CO.
Keep appliances, furnaces, fireplaces, and wood-burning stoves in good repair.
Install a carbon monoxide alarm.